Below are a collection of common supporters, charges, and other heraldic elements and their translations in other languages. One might find these useful in examining rebuses from other cultures, or in finding hidden, possibly intentional alternative meanings in rebuses from a familiar culture:

Axe

  • French: hache
  • German: axt, beil
  • Irish: tua
  • Latin: ascia, securis
  • Scots Gaelic: tuagh
  • Spanish: hacha

Bear

  • French: ours
  • German: bär
  • Irish: iompróidh
  • Latin: ursa
  • Scots Gaelic: mathan
  • Spanish: oso

Bird (generic)

  • French: oiseau, volaille
  • German: vogel
  • Irish: éan
  • Latin: ales, avis 
  • Scots Gaelic: eun
  • Spanish: ave, pájaro

Boar

  • French: sanglier, verrat
  • German: eber, keiler, wildschwein
  • Irish: collach, torc
  • Latin: aper, majalis, sus, verres
  • Scots Gaelic: torc
  • Spanish: jabali, verraco

Boat

  • French: bateau
  • German: boot, schiff
  • Irish: bád
  • Latin: navis
  • Scots Gaelic: bàta
  • Spanish: bote

Bow

  • French: arc, archet
  • German: bogen
  • Irish: bogha
  • Latin: arcus
  • Scots Gaelic: bogha
  • Spanish: arco

Cat

  • French: chat(te), félin
  • German: katze
  • Irish: cat
  • Scots Gaelic: cat
  • Latin: cattus, felis
  • Spanish: gata/o, felino

Crab

  • French: crabe
  • German: krabbe
  • Irish: portán
  • Latin: cancer, carcinos
  • Scots Gaelic: crùbag
  • Spanish: cangrejo

Crow

(note: some languages do not differentiate between “crow” and “raven,” see further down)

  • French: corneille
  • German: krähe
  • Irish: beanna
  • Latin: corvus, cornix, cornicula
  • Scots Gaelic: feannag
  • Spanish: cuervo

Crown

  • French: couronne
  • German: krone
  • Irish: coróin
  • Latin: corona, coronam
  • Scots Gaelic: crùn
  • Spanish: corona

Dog

(keep in mind, breed may be significant)

  • French: chien(ne)
  • German: hund
  • Irish: madra, gadhar, rógaire
  • Latin: canis, canes
  • Scots Gaelic: cù
  • Spanish: perro, can

Eagle

  • French: aigle
  • German: adler, eagle
  • Irish: iolar
  • Latin: aquila
  • Scots Gaelic: iolaire
  • Spanish: águila, eagle

Falcon

  • French: faucon
  • German: falke
  • Irish: fabhcún
  • Latin: falco
  • Scots Gaelic: seabhag
  • Spanish: halcón

Fish

  • French: poisson
  • German: fisch
  • Irish: isac
  • Latin: piscis
  • Scots Gaelic: isag
  • Spanish: faenar, pescado, pescar

Hawk

  • French: aigle, faucon
  • German: falke, habicht, sperber
  • Irish: seabhac
  • Latin: accipiter, immussilus
  • Scots Gaelic: seabhag
  • Spanish: halcón, gavilán

Hen

  • French: poulette
  • German: hähnchen, henne, huhn
  • Irish: cearc, sicín
  • Latin: gallina, pullum
  • Scots Gaelic: cearc
  • Spanish: gallina, hembra, pollo

Horse

  • French: cheval (male), jument (female)
  • German: pferd, ross
  • Irish: capall, each
  • Latin: equus, caballus
  • Scots Gaelic: each
  • Spanish: caballo

Knight

  • French: cavalier, chevalier
  • German: ritter
  • Irish: ridire
  • Latin: miles
  • Scots Gaelic: ridire
  • Spanish: caballero

Lady

  • French: dame, femme
  • German: dame, lady, frau
  • Irish: bhean
  • Latin: domina, matron
  • Scots Gaelic: bhean
  • Spanish: dama, señora

Leopard

  • French: léopard
  • German: leopard
  • Irish: liopard
  • Latin: pardus
  • Scots Gaelic: leopard
  • Spanish: leopardo

Lion

  • French: lion
  • German: löwe
  • Irish: leon
  • Latin: leo
  • Scots Gaelic: leòmhann
  • Spanish: león

Lioness

  • French: leonne
  • German: löwin
  • Irish: leon
  • Latin: leo
  • Scots Gaelic: leòmhann
  • Spanish: león

Owl

  • French: chouette (female), hibou (male)
  • German: eule
  • Irish: ulchabhán
  • Latin: bubo, noctua, ulula, strix 
  • Scots Gaelic: comhachag
  • Spanish: búho, lechuza, mochuelo

Ox

  • French: boeuf
  • German: ochse
  • Irish: damh
  • Latin: bos, taurus, ruricola
  • Scots Gaelic: daimh
  • Spanish: buey

Rabbit/Cony

  • French: lapin(e)
  • German: hase, kaninchen
  • Irish: coinín
  • Latin: cunniculus, lepus 
  • Scots Gaelic: coineanach
  • Spanish: conejo (buck), coneja (doe)

Ram

  • French: bélier, mouton
  • German: bock, schaf, wider
  • Irish: caoirigh
  • Latin: aries, ovis
  • Scots Gaelic: reithe
  • Spanish: oveja

Raven

  • French: corbeau
  • German: rabe
  • Irish: fitheach
  • Latin: corvus, cornix, cornicula
  • Scots Gaelic: fitheach
  • Spanish: cuervo

Rooster

  • French: poulet
  • German: hahn, hähnchen
  • Irish: coileach, rooster, sicín
  • Latin: gallus, pullum
  • Scots Gaelic: ròc
  • Spanish: gallo, pollo

Scales

  • French: balance
  • German: wage
  • Irish: scálaí
  • Latin: trutina, statera dolosa
  • Scots Gaelic: lannan
  • Spanish: balanza

Shield

  • French: bouclier, écran, écu
  • German: schild, schirm, schutz
  • Irish: cosaint, sciath
  • Latin: clypeus, parma, scutum
  • Scots Gaelic: sgiath
  • Spanish: blindaje, proteger

Snake

  • French: serpent
  • German: natter, schlange
  • Irish: nathair
  • Latin: anguis, coluber, serpens, vipera
  • Scots Gaelic: nathair
  • Spanish: culebra, serpiente

Spear

  • French: point
  • German: speer
  • Irish: sleá
  • Latin: hasta
  • Scots Gaelic: sleigh
  • Spanish: asta, arpón

Stag

  • French: cerf
  • German: hirsch
  • Irish: damh (indeed, the same as Ox)
  • Latin: cervus, tarandus
  • Scots Gaelic: damh 
  • Spanish: ciervo

Sword

  • French: épée, lame, sabre
  • German: klinge, schwert
  • Irish: claíomh
  • Latin: ensis, gladio
  • Scots Gaelic: claidheamh
  • Spanish: espada, estoque

Wolf

  • French: loup
  • German: wolf
  • Irish: búraló, mac tíre
  • Latin: lupus
  • Scots Gaelic: madadh-allaidh
  • Spanish: lobo

Wolfess

  • French: louve
  • German: wölfin
  • Irish: búraló, mac tíre
  • Latin: lupus
  • Scotish Gaelic: madadh-allaidh
  • Spanish: loba

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